Current Affairs: India's Three Sites got UNESCO World Heritage Sites List

First time three Indian Sites inscribed in the UNESCO Word Heritage List 
  • Khangchendzonga National Park in Sikkim and Capitol Complex buildings in Chandigarh and the archaeological site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) in Bihar added to World Heritage Site list on at the 40th session of the WHC (World Heritage Committee) at Istanbul in Turkey.
  • India now has 35 sites, including 27 Cultural properties, Seven Natural Sites and one Mixed Site, notified as World Heritage Sites.
1. Khangchendzonga National Park  (KNP) 

  • The KNP (Khangchendzonga National Park) became India’s first mixed World Heritage Site after fulfilling the nomination criteria under both natural and cultural heritages. The park exhibits one of the widest altitudinal ranges of any protected area worldwide. It boasts of a unique diversity of lowlands, steep valleys and snow-clad mountains, including the world’s third highest peak, Mt. Khangchendzonga, besides numerous lakes and glaciers, the communication said.
  • The KNP, which covers 25 per cent of Sikkim, is home to a significant number of endemic, rare and threatened plant and animal species. A large number of bird and mammal species has also been recorded from here.
  • The park combines the religious and cultural practices of Buddhism as well as the ecological significance of the region, and stands out as an outstanding example of traditional knowledge and environmental preservation. It is also a unique example of coexistence and exchange between different religious traditions and people, he said.
  • The park qualified as a mixed site under the Operational Guidelines of WHC for its “exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilisation which is living or which has disappeared.”
2. Capitol Complex Chandigarh

  • Chandigarh’s famed Capitol Complex, which includes the Legislative Assembly, Secretariat and High Court, was designed by French architect Le Corbusier. 
  • “It is a moment of pride for our city. The administration ensures all the residents that we will conserve and preserve this Heritage Site and make the city a major international tourism destination. The complex was designed by Le Corbusier in the 1950s when the city was constructed as a symbol of independent, modern India.
3. Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) in Bihar

  • The archaeological site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) in Bihar was also marked as a heritage site. The Capitol Complex in Chandigarh also made it to the list, thus bringing all three nominations this session into the heritage roll of honour. 
  • This is the first time that any country got three sites inscribed in the Word Heritage List at a single session of the committee meeting. 
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