TNPSC General Knowledge: First in India - Architecture

List of First in India - Architecture
  • First Dam in the India: Kallanai Dam, Tamil Nadu, one of the worlds oldest, still in use. Originally constructed by the Chola king Karikala Cholan around the 2nd Century AD
  • First Stepwell still existing : Mata Bhavani's Stepwell built in 11th century in Gujrath.
  • First temple constructed from a single rock, still standing: Kailasa temple, Ellora built in 744 CE built by Rashtrakuta king Krishna I
  • First temple in Kalinga architecture still standing: Konark Sun Temple built in 1255 AD.
  • First temple with many interconnected structures still standing: Brihadeeswarar Temple, Tanjore, Tamil Nadu built in 1002 AD.
  • First Islamic (tomb) in India: Sultan Ghari Sultan Ghari built in 1231 CE for Prince Nasir ud, eldest son of Iltumish.
  • First true dome: Alai Darwaza, Qutb complex, Delhi, built in 1311 CE, by first Khilji Sultan of Delhi, Ala-ud-din Khilji.
  • First true arch: Balban's tomb, Mehrauli Archeological Park, Delhi, built c. 1287 CE, by Ghiyas ud din Balban of Mamluk dynasty.
  • First garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, also the first with Persian double-dome: Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, built 1562–1571 CE.
  • First Mosque in India: Cheraman Juma Masjid,Methala, Kodungallur, Kerala built 629 A.D by Malik Bin Dinar.
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