TNPSC Geneal Knowledge: First in India - Transport

First in India - Transport

First and the only Indian (Metro) Rail under Indian Railways: 
  • Kolkata Metro
First (Metro) rail to become Zone of Indian Railways: 
  • Kolkata Metro as the (17Th Zonal Headquarter) (30 December 2010)
First Passenger Train: between Mumbai and Thane on 16 April 1853

First Suburban Railway line: Mumbai Suburban Railway in 1857

First rapid transit (Metro) Rail: Kolkata Metro in 1984

First Motorcar: in 1897, Mr Forster of Crompton Greaves

First Motorcar in Regular Use: Francis Spring, Chennai in 1901.

First Indians to own a Motor Car: Jamshedji Tata and Rustom Cama, a Parsi Lawyer in 1901.

First Competitive Event: 
  • Delhi – Bombay trials in 1905 at the behest of Lord Curzon and Motor Union of Western India to test the suitability of the Automobile for Indian roads and to facilitate interaction between the fledging Automobile Industry and prospective Indian clients
Oldest Surviving and Running Cars in India: 
  • De Dion Bouton 1904, Rover 1905
First Woman to Drive a Car in India: RD Tata 1905

First Woman to Drive a Railway Train in India: 
  • Surekha Yadav
First Female Auto-Rickshaw Driver: 
  • Shila Dawre; Pune, 1988
First Motor Taxi: Mumbai, 1911

First Largescale Import of Motor Cars: 
  • Relatively large contingent of motorcars imported for the Delhi Darbar held in 1911 to mark the arrival of King George V
First Registration Scheme for Motor Vehicles in India: 
  • 1912, Arrival of mass production technology makes the Automobile a practical means of transport by the 1920s and most British officers had cars
First Assembly of Motor Cars: 
  • General Motors sets up the first assembly unit to assemble cars from imported parts in 1928. The National Series AB sedan is produced.
First Manufacture of Motor Cars: 
  • Hindustan Motors begins production of cars in 1942. Premier automobiles and Standard Motors setup. Technology stagnates as a result of economic autarky as India is isolated from the rest of the world
First act leading to liberalization of the Auto sector: 
  • Maruti 800 launched in 1983 and the automotive industry is progressively liberalized
First fully Indigenous Passenger Car developed in India: Tata Indica, launched in 1998

First expressway: Mumbai - Pune Expressway in 2000,

First Major Acquisition of a Foreign Company by an Indian Company:
  • Tata Motors acquires Jaguar and Land Rover in 2007. Mahindra Automotive emerges as the top bidder for SsangYong Motor Company in 2010.
First Aeroplane in India: Maharaja of Patiala, 1910
  • Domestic commercial aviation is born in India in 1911 when on 18 February, Henri Piquet, flying a Humber biplane, carries mall from Allahabad to Naini Junction, some six miles away.
India's First Airline, Imperial Airways
  • 1927: India's first airline, Imperial Airways, extends its Empire Routes to India, connecting India with the outside world for the first time through an air network. A de Havilland Hercules flies the Cairo-Basra-Karachi-Jodhpur-Delhi route. It is also the first domestic passenger flight to be operated in India. Passengers could be for the first time fly from Karachi to Jodhpur and to Delhi on Imperial Airways.
India's First Pilot Licence
  • On 10 February 1929, J. R. D. Tata is awarded India's first pilot licence, Pilot Licence No.1 by Federation Aeronotique International signed by Sir Victor Sasoon on behalf of the Aero Club of India and Burma.
 First Woman to get a Pilot Licence
  • 1932: Urmila K Parikh becomes the first woman to get a pilot licence when she is given a licence by the Aero Club of India and Burma.
India's First Scheduled Airline, Tata Airlines
  • 1932: J. R. D. Tata launches India's first scheduled airline, Tata Airlines, by piloting the first flight himself from Karachi to Bombay via Ahmedabad on a single-engine Puss Moth with a load of airmail.
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