TNPSC Indian constitution: Prime Minister of India


The Prime Minister of India , as addressed in the Constitution of India, is the Head of Government, Chief Adviser to the President of India, Head of the Council of Ministers and the Leader of the Majority Party in the Lok Sabha. 

The Union Cabinet Headed by the Prime Minister is appointed by the President to assist the latter in the administration of the affairs of the executive. Union cabinet is collectively responsible to the House of the People as per Article 75(3). 

The Incumbent Prime Minister of India is Narendra Modi of the Bharatiya Janata Party.


According to Article 84 of the Constitution of India, which sets the principal qualifications for member of Parliament, and Article 75 of the Constitution of India, which sets the qualifications for the minister in the Union Council of Minister, and the argument that the position of prime minister has been described as 'First Among Equals', A Prime Minister must be:
  • A Citizen of India.
  • A Member of the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha. If the person chosen as the prime minister is neither a member of the Lok Sabha nor the Rajya Sabha at the time of selection, he or she must become a member of either of the houses within six months.
  • Above 25 years of Age if he or she is a Member of Lok Sabha or above 30 years of Age if he or she is a Member of the Rajya Sabha.
  • Not hold any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State or under any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said Governments.
  • The Prime Minister leads the Functioning and Exercise of Authority of the Government of India. He is invited by the President of India in the Parliament of India as leader of the majority party to form a Government at the Federal Level (known as Central or Union Government in India) and exercise its powers. 
  • In practice the Prime Minister Nominates the Members of their Council of Ministers to the president. 
  • The Prime Minister is responsible for aiding and advising the president in distribution of work of the Government to various ministries and offices and in terms of the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961. 
  • The Co-Coordinating work is generally allocated to the Cabinet Secretariat While generally the work of the Government is divided into various Ministries, the prime minister may retain certain portfolios if they are not allocated to any member of the cabinet.Oath
  • The Prime Minister is required to make and subscribe in the presence of President of India before entering office, the oath of office and secrecy, as per the Third Schedule of the Constitution of India.
  • Can Recommend to the President to Declare Emergency on grounds of war, External Aggression or Armed Rebellion.
  • By Article 75 of the constitution of India, remuneration of the prime minister as well as other ministers are to be decided by the Parliament and is renewed from time to time. 
  • The Original Remuneration for Prime Minister and other ministers were specified in the Part B of the Second Schedule of the Constitution, which was later removed by an amendment.
  • In 2010, the Prime Minister's Office reported that he did not receive a formal salary, but was only entitled to monthly allowances, Prime Minister Monthly Pay and Allowances ₹160000

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