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TNPSC Former Prime Ministers of India

FORMER PRIME MINISTERS OF INDIA

1. Dr. MANMOHAN SINGH
  • PERIOD: May 22, 2004 - May 26, 2014
  • PARTY: Indian National Congress
  • India’s Fourteenth Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh is rightly acclaimed as a thinker and a scholar. He is well regarded for his diligence and his academic approach to work, as well as his accessibility and his unassuming demeanour. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was born on September 26, 1932, in a village in the Punjab province of undivided India.
2SHRI. ATAL BIHARI VAJPAYEE
  • PERIOD 2March 19, 1998 - May 22, 2004
  • PERIOD 1: May 16, 1996 - June 1, 1996
  • PARTY:(Bhartiya Janta Party)
  • India's Thirteenth Prime Minister, A man of the masses, firm in his political convictions. On October 13, 1999, he took charge as Prime Minister of India for the second consecutive term at the head of a new coalition government, the National Democratic Alliance. He was Prime Minister for a short period in 1996. 
3. SHRI I.K. GUJRAL
  • PERIOD: April 21, 1997 - March 19, 1998 | 
  • PARTY: Janata Dal
  • Shri Inder Kumar Gujral was sworn in as the 12th Prime Minister of India on Monday, the 21st of April, 1997. Son of Late Shri Avtar Narain Gujral and Late Smt. Pushpa Gujral, Shri Gujral is M.A., B.Com. Ph.D. & D.Litt. (Hons. Causa). He was born at Jhelum (in undivided Punjab) on 4th December 1919. He and Smt. Shiela Gujral were married on May 26, 1945. Shri Gujral belongs to a family of freedom fighters: both his parents participated in the freedom struggle in Punjab.
4. SHRI H.D. DEVE GOWDA
  • PERIOD: June 1, 1996 - April 21, 1997
  • PARTY: Janata Dal
  • Shri H. D. Deve Gowda, a staunch crusader of socio-economic development and an ardent admirer of the rich cultural heritage of India, was born on May 18, 1933 in Haradanahalli village of Holenarasipura taluk, Hassan District in Karnataka.
5. SHRI. ATAL BIHARI VAJPAYEE
  • PERIOD 1: March 19, 1998 - May 22, 2004
  • PERIOD 2: May 16, 1996 - June 1, 1996
  • PARTY:(Bhartiya Janta Party)
  • A man of the masses, firm in his political convictions. On October 13, 1999, he took charge as Prime Minister of India for the second consecutive term at the head of a new coalition government, the National Democratic Alliance. He was Prime Minister for a short period in 1996. He is the first Prime Minister since Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru to have become Prime Minister of India with two successive mandates.
6. SHRI. NARASIMHA RAO
  • PERIOD: June 21, 1991- May 16, 1996 | 
  • PARTY: Congress (I)
  • Son of Shri P. Ranga Rao, Shri P.V. Narasimha Rao was born on June 28, 1921 at Karimnagar. He studied in Osmania University, Hyderabad, Bombay University and the Nagpur University. A widower, Shri P.V. Narasimha Rao is the father of three sons and five daughters.
7SHRI CHANDRA SHEKHAR
  • PERIOD: November 10, 1990 - June 21, 1991
  • PARTY: Janata Dal (S)
  • Shri Chandra Shekhar was born on July 1, 1927, in a farmer’s family in village Ibrahimpatti in District Ballia, Uttar Pradesh. He was President of the Janata Party from 1977 to 1988.
8. SHRI. VISWANATH PRATAP SINGH
  • PERIOD: December 2, 1989 - November 10, 1990
  • PARTY: Janata Dal
  • Born on June 25, 1931 at Allahabad, Shri V.P. Singh is the son of Raja Bahadur Ram Gopal Singh. He was educated at Allahabad and Poona Universities. He was married to Smt. Sita Kumari on June 25, 1955 and has two sons.
9SHRI. RAJIV GANDHI
  • PERIOD: October 31, 1984 - December 2, 1989
  • PARTY: Congress (I)
  • At 40, Mr. Rajiv Gandhi was the youngest Prime Minister of India, perhaps even one of the youngest elected heads of Government in the world. His mother, Smt. Indira Gandhi, was eight years older when she first became Prime Minister in 1966. His illustrious grandfather, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, was 58 when he started the long innings of 17 years as free India’s first Prime Minister.
10. SMT. INDIRA GANDHI
  • PERIOD 1: January 14, 1980 - October 31, 1984
  • PARTY: Congress (I)
  • PERIOD 2: January 24, 1966 - March 24, 1977.
  • PARTY: Congress 
  • Born on November 19, 1917 in an illustrious family, Smt. Indira Gandhi was the daughter of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. She studied at prime institutions like Ecole Nouvelle, Bex (Switzerland), Ecole Internationale, Geneva, Pupils’ Own School, Poona and Bombay, Badminton School, Bristol, Vishwa Bharati, Shantiniketan and Somerville College, Oxford.
11. SHRI. CHARAN SINGH

  • PERIOD: July 28, 1979 - January 14, 1980
  • PARTY: Janata Party
  • Shri Charan Singh was born in 1902 at Noorpur in Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh, in a middle class peasant family. He graduated in science in 1923, and did his post-graduation from Agra University in 1925. Also trained in law, he set up practice at Ghaziabad. He shifted to Meerut in 1929 and later joined the Congress.

12. SHRI, MORARJI DESAI
  • PERIOD: March 24, 1977 - July 28, 1979
  • PARTY: Janata Party
  • Shri Morarji Desai was born on February 29, 1896 in Bhadeli village, now in the Bulsar district of Gujarat. His father was a school teacher and a strict disciplinarian. From his childhood, young Morarji learnt from his father the value of hard work and truthfulness under all circumstances. He was educated St. Busar High School and passed his matriculation examination. After graduating from the Wilson Civil Service of the then Bombay Province in 1918, he served as a Deputy Collector for twelve years.
13. SMT. INDIRA GANDHI
  • PERIOD 1: January 14, 1980 - October 31, 1984
  • PARTY: Congress (I)
  • PERIOD 2: January 24, 1966 - March 24, 1977.
  • PARTY: Congress 
  • Born on November 19, 1917 in an illustrious family, Smt. Indira Gandhi was the daughter of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. She studied at prime institutions like Ecole Nouvelle, Bex (Switzerland), Ecole Internationale, Geneva, Pupils’ Own School, Poona and Bombay, Badminton School, Bristol, Vishwa Bharati, Shantiniketan and Somerville College, Oxford.
14. SHRI. GULZATI LAL NANDA
  • PERIOD 2: January 11, 1966 - January 24, 1966
  • PARTY: Congress 
  • PERIOD 1: May 27, 1964 - June 9, 1964
  • PARTY: Congress 
  • Born on July 4, 1898, in Sialkot (Punjab), Shri Gulzarilal Nanda was educated at Lahore, Agra and Allahabad. He worked as a research scholar on labour problems at the University of Allahabad (1920-1921) and became Professor of Economics at the National College (Bombay) in 1921. He joined the Non-Cooperation Movement the same year. In 1922, he become Secretary of the Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association in which he worked until 1946. He was imprisoned for Satyagraha in 1932, and again from 1942 to 44.
15. SHRI. LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI
  • PERIOD: June 9, 1964 - January 11, 1966
  • PARTY: Congress 
  • Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1901 at Mughalsarai, a small railway town seven miles from Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. His father was a school teacher who died when Lal Bahadur Shastri was only a year and half old. His mother, still in her twenties, took her three children to her father’s house and settled down there.
16. SHRI. GULZATI LAL NANDA
  • PERIOD 2: January 11, 1966 - January 24, 1966
  • PARTY: Congress 
  • PERIOD 1: May 27, 1964 - June 9, 1964
  • PARTY: Congress 
  • Born on July 4, 1898, in Sialkot (Punjab), Shri Gulzarilal Nanda was educated at Lahore, Agra and Allahabad. He worked as a research scholar on labour problems at the University of Allahabad (1920-1921) and became Professor of Economics at the National College (Bombay) in 1921. He joined the Non-Cooperation Movement the same year. In 1922, he become Secretary of the Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association in which he worked until 1946. He was imprisoned for Satyagraha in 1932, and again from 1942 to 44.
17. SHRI. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU

  • PERIOD 1: August 15, 1947 to May 27, 1964
  • PARTY: Congress
  • Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru was born in Allabahad on November 14, 1889. He received his early education at home under private tutors. At the age of fifteen, he went to England and after two years at Harrow, joined Cambridge University where he took his tripos in Natural Sciences. He was later called to the Bar from Inner Temple. He returned to India in 1912 and plunged straight into politics. Even as a student, he had been interested in the struggle of all nations who suffered under foreign domination. He took keen interest in the Sinn Fein Movement in Ireland. In India, he was inevitably drawn into the struggle for independence.


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