19th November 2018: World Toilet Day - உலக கழிவறை தினம் - Theme and Notes
World Toilet Day 2018
- World Toilet Day (WTD) is an official United Nationsinternational observance day on 19 November to inspire action to tackle the global sanitation crisis. Worldwide, 4.5 billion people live without "safely managed sanitation" and around 892 million people practise open defecation.
உலக கழிவறை தினம்-நவம்பர் 19
உலக கழிவறை தினம் - நவம்பர் 19
- உலக கழிவறை தினம் (World Toilet Day) நவம்பர் 19 அன்று கடைபிடிக்கப்படுகிறது.
- 2018 ஆம் ஆண்டின் உலக கழிவறை தின மையக்கருத்து (2018 Theme): "இயற்கை அழைக்கும் போது" (When Nature Calls).
The Sanitation Crisis
- Toilets save lives, because human waste spreads killer diseases. World Toilet Day is about inspiring action to tackle the global sanitation crisis.
- The world is not on track to reach Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6): to ensure availability and sustainable management of sanitation and water for all by 2030. Today, 4.5 billion live without a safe toilet and 892 million people still practise open defecation.
2018 World Toilet Day Theme
2018 Theme: "When Nature Calls"
- This year’s campaign is based on the following narrative: “When nature calls, we need a toilet. But, billions of people don’t have one. This means human faeces, on a massive scale, are not being captured or treated – contaminating the water and soil that sustain human life. We are turning our environment into an open sewer. We must build toilets and sanitation systems that work in harmony with ecosystems.”
Nature-based Sanitation Solutions
- Nature-based sanitation solutions (NBS) harness the power of ecosystems to help treat human waste before it returns to the environment. Most NBS essentially involve the protection and management of vegetation, soils and/or wetlands, including rivers and lakes.
- Composting latrines that capture and treat human waste on site, producing a free supply of fertiliser to help grow crops.
- Human-made wetlands and reed-beds filter wastewater before it is released back into water courses. (sources:http://www.un.org/en/events/toiletday/)