TNPSC General Knowledge: Tamil Nadu Census 2011 - Tamil Nadu Basic Information

Tamil Nadu Census 2011 - Tamil Nadu Basic Information




1. Administrative Units:


As per Census 2011,  in Tamil Nadu there are:
  • 32 Districts,
  • 215 Sub-Districts,
  • 1097 Towns and
  • 15,979 Villages


2. Population:


As per Census 2011, the total population of Tamil Nadu of 1st March 2011 is 72.14 million.


  • Rural population - 37.2 million.
  • Urban population is 34.9 million.
  • Villupuram has the largest rural population of 2.9 million (7.9% of the State’s rural population)
  • Chennai has the highest urban population of 4.6 million (13.3% of State’s urban population).
3. Growth Rate:


  • The decadal growth rate of population in Tamil Nadu is 15.6% (Rural: 6.6%, Urban: 27%).
  • Villupuram (16.0%) has recorded the highest decadal growth rate in rural population
  • Kancheepuram (65.4%) has the highest decadal growth rate in urban population during 2001-2011.  


4. Density of Population (persons per sq. km.):


  • Chennai (26,553)
  • Kanniyakumari (1,111)
  • The minimum population density works out in The Nilgiris (287).


5. Proportion of Population:


  • The rural population constitutes 51.6% and urban population 48.4% of the total population.
  • There has been an increase of 4.4% in the proportion of urban population in the last decade.
  • Ariyalur District (88.9%) has the largest proportion of rural population;
  • Chennai (100%) has the highest proportion of urban population  followed by Kanniyakumari (82.3%).
6. Sex Ratio (Number of females per 1,000 males):


  • The Sex Ratio in the state which was 987 in 2001 has increased by 9 points to 996 in 2011.
  • In rural areas the sex ratio has increased from 992 to 993.
  • The corresponding increase in urban areas has been of 18 points from 982 to 1000.
  • The Nilgiris has recorded the highest sex ratio in respect of Total population (1042) and rural population (1054).
  • In case of urban population, Nagapattinam and Thanjavur both (1040) recorded highest sex ratio. The lowest sex ratio in rural areas has been recorded in Salem (934).
  • The corresponding value in urban areas has been returned in Krishnagiri (967). Nine Districts namely Tiruvannamalai, Perambalur, Cuddalore, Sivaganga, Virudhunagar, Ramanathapuram, Thoothukkudi, Tirunelveli, Kanniyakumari show fall in the sex ratio in rural areas. Four districts, namely, Sivaganga, Ramanathapuram, Thoothukudi, Tirunelveli have shown a similar trend in urban areas.
7. Child Population (0-6 years):


  • As per Census 2011, the child population in the age group of 0-6 years stands at 7.4 million. Of this, 3.9 million were returned in rural areas and 3.5 million in urban areas.
  • Compared to Census 2001, the Child population has increased by 1.9 million in the State.
  • There has been a decline of 3.21 lakhs in rural areas and an increase of 5.1 lakhs in urban areas. In terms of proportion of child population to the total population, there has been a decline of 1.6 % in rural areas and 0.9 % in urban areas.
  • The growth rate of Child population is 2.6 % in the decade 2001-2011.
  • However, there has been a decline of 7.6% in rural areas and an increase of 16.9% in urban areas.


8. Child Sex Ratio (0-6 years) (Girls per 1,000 Boys):


  • Census 2011 marks a slight increase in child sex ratio (0-6 years) from 942 to 943 during 2001-2011.


  • Cuddalore (896) recorded the lowest and The Nilgiris (985) recorded the highest child sex ratio.
  • In rural areas, the increase has been 3 points (933 to 936) and in urban areas, the decline has been to an extent of 3 points (955 to 952) over the last decade.


  • Cuddalore (880) has recorded the lowest and The Nilgiris(990) the highest child sex ratio in rural areas.


  • Ariyalur (913) has recorded the lowest and The Nilgiris (982) the highest child sex ratio in urban areas.
9. Scheduled Caste Population


  • The total Scheduled Caste population returned in Census 2011 is 14.4 million.
  • Of this, 9.5 million are in rural areas and 4.9 million in urban areas.
10. Scheduled Tribe Population


  • The total Scheduled Tribe population returned in Census 2011 is 7.9 lakhs.
  • Of this, 6.6 lakhs in rural areas and 1.3 lakhs in urban areas.


12. Literacy Rate


Male Literacy :


  • The Literacy Rate works out to 86.8 % (Rural 82.0 % ; Urban-91.8 %). The highest male literacy rate in rural areas is returned in Kanniyakumari (92.4%), while the lowest is returned in Erode (74.4 %). In urban areas, the lowest male literacy rate is returned in Salem (85.8 %) and the highest in Tiruchirapalli (94.1 %).


Female Literacy:


  • The female Literacy Rate works out to 73.4 % (Rural: 65.0 %; Urban: 82.3 %). The highest female literacy rate in rural areas is returned in Kanniyakumari (89.2 %), while the lowest is returned in Erode (56.2 %). In urban areas, the lowest female literacy rate is returned in Erode (72.7 %) and the highest in Kanniyakumari (90.1 %).


13. Workers  


  • As per Census 2011, the total number of workers (who have worked for at least one day during the reference year) in Tamil Nadu, is 32.9 million.


  • Of this, 21.4 million workers are males and 11.4 million are females. Out of the increase of 5 million workers during the decade 2001-2011, male workers have accounted for 3.3 million and female workers 1.7 million.

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