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Current Affairs: International Tiger Day - July 29, 2016

International Tiger Day - July 29, 2016

International Tiger Day
  • International Tiger Day is observed annual on July 29 to give worldwide attention to the reservation of tigers. It is both an awareness day as a celebration. 
  • It was founded at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in 2010. This was done because at that moment wild tigers were too close to extinction. Many animal welfare organisations pledged to help these wonderful creatures and are still helping to raise funds to reach this goal. 
  • The goal of Tiger Day is to promote the protection and expansion of the wilde tigers habitats and to gain support through awareness for tiger conservation.
Tigers Population in World
  • We have lost 97% of all wild tigers in a bit over 100 years. Instead of 100,000, as few as 3000 live in the wild today, last year it was 3200. A number of Tiger species have already been extinct. Tigers may be one of the most admired animals, but they are also vulnerable to extinction.
List of Tigers Population in world 

Tigers Population in India

Tiger reserves of India. There are 47 tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tiger which is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority. India is home to 70 percent of Tigers in the world. In 2008, there were 1,411 tigers which increased to 1,706 in 2011 and 2,226 in 2014.

Tigers Population in Tamil Nadu

தமிழ்நாட்டில் 4 புலிகள் சரணாலயங்கள் உள்ளன. மொத்தம் 229 புலிகள் உள்ளன.


Habitat loss
  • Tigers lost 93% of their natural habitat due to the expansion of cities and agriculture by humans. Fewer tigers can survive in small, scattered islands of habitat, which lead to a higher risk of inbreeding. These small islands of habitat also make tigers more vulnerable to poaching
Human wildlife conflict
  • People and tigers are competing for space. The conflict threatens the world’s remaining wild tigers and poses a major problem for communities living in or near tiger forests. As forests shrink and prey gets scarce, tigers are forced to hunt domestic livestock, which many local communities depend on for their livelihood. 
  • In retaliation, tigers are killed or captured. “Conflict” tigers are known to end up for sale in black markets. Local community dependence on forests for fuel-wood, food and timber also heightens the risk of tiger attacks.
Climate change
  • One of the world’s largest tiger populations is found in the Sundarbans—a large mangrove forest area shared by India and Bangladesh on the northern coast of the Indian Ocean. This area harbors Bengal tigers and protects coastal regions from storm surges and wind damage. However, rising sea levels that were caused by climate change threaten to wipe out these forests and the last remaining habitat of this tiger population. 
  • According to a WWF study, without mitigation efforts, projected sea level rise—nearly a foot by 2070—could destroy nearly the entire Sundarbans tiger habitat.

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