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TNPSC Indian Railways (Key Points for Competitive Exams.)

INDIAN RAILWAYS
  • Indian Railways is an Indian State-Owned Enterprise, owned and operated by the Government of India through the Ministry of Railways.
  • Indian Railways is one of the world's largest railway networks comprising 115,000 km (71,000 miles) of track over a route of 65,808 km (40,891 miles) and 7,112 stations In 2014-15, Indian Railways carried 8.397 billion passengers annually or more than 23 million passengers a day (roughly half of whom were suburban passengers) and 1058.81 million tons of freight in the year.
  • In 2014–2015 Indian Railways had revenues of ₹1634.50 billion (US$24 billion) which consists of ₹1069.27 billion (US$16 billion) from freight and₹402.80 billion (US$6.0 billion) from passengers tickets.
  • Railways were first introduced to India in the year 1853 from Mumbai to Thane. In 1951 the systems were nationalized as one unit, the Indian Railways.
  • Indian Railways,  operations cover twenty nine states and seven union territories and also provides limited international services to Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
  • Indian Railways is the world's seventh largest commercial or utility employer, by number of employees, with over 1.376 million employees as of last published figures in 2013.
IMPORTANT FACT ABOUT INDIAN RAILWAYS

  • The first train on Indian soil ran between Bombay and Thane on the 16th of April 1853
  • The Longest Platform in the world is at Kharagpur and is 2,733 ft. in length
  • Nehru Setu on Sone River is the longest Railway bridge
  • 42 Railway companies operated in the Country before Independence
  • Electric Locomotives are manufactured at Chittaranjan Locomotive Works, Chittaranjan
  • Coaches are manufactured at ICF-Chennai, RCF-Kapurthala and BEML-Bangaluru
  • The National Rail Museum at New Delhi was set-up in 1977
  • Railway Station with all the Three Gauges is Siliguri Railway Station


RAILWAY ZONES
  • Indian Railways is divided into 16 zones, which are further sub-divided into divisions. 
  • The number of zones in Indian Railways increased from six to eight in 1951, nine in 1966 and sixteen in 2003. 
  • Each zonal railway is made up of a certain number of divisions, each having a divisional headquarters. There are a total of sixty-eight divisions.
LIST OF RAILWAY ZONES & DIVISIONS
No
Name
Route Km.
Head
Quarters
Divisions
1
Southern Railway
(SR)
Estd:
14 April 1951
6844
Chennai
Chennai, Tiruchirappalli, Madurai, Salem, Palakkad,
Thiruvananthapuram
2
Central Railway
(CR)
Estd:
5 November 1951
3905
Mumbai
Mumbai CST, Bhusawal,Pune, Solapur, Nagpur
3
Western Railway
(WR)
Estd:
5 November 1951
6182
Mumbai
Mumbai Central, Ratlam,
Ahmedabad, Rajkot,Bhavnagar, Vadodara
4
Eastern Railway (ER)
Estd:
14 April 1952
2414
Kolkata
Howrah, Sealdah, Asansol, Malda Town
5
Northern Railway (NR)
Estd:
14 April 1952
6968
Delhi
Delhi, Ambala, Firozpur,Lucknow, Moradabad
6
North Eastern Railway
(NER)
Estd:14 April 1952
3667
Gorakhpur
Izzatnagar, Lucknow,
Varanasi
7
South Eastern Railway
(SER)
Estd:1955
2631
Kolkata
Adra, Chakradharpur, Kharagpur,  Ranchi
8
Northeast Frontier Railway
(NFR)
Estd:15 January 1958
3907
Maligaon
Alipurduar, Katihar, Rangia,Lumding, Tinsukia
9
South Central Railway
(SCR)
Estd:
2 October 1966
5951
Secunderabad
Vijayawada, Secunderabad,Guntakal, Guntur, Hyderabad and Nanded
10
East Central Railway (ECR)
Estd:
1 October 2002
3628
Hajipur
Danapur, Dhanbad,Mughalsarai, Samastipur and Sonepur
11
North Western Railway
(NFR)
Estd:
1 October 2002
5459
Jaipur
Jaipur, Ajmer, Bikaner and Jodhpur
12
East Coast Railway
(ECoR)
1 April 2003
2677
Bhubaneswar
Khurda Road, Sambalpur and Visakhapatnam
13
North Central Railway
(NCR)
Estd:1 April 2003
3151
Allahabad
Allahabad, Agra and Jhansi
14
South East Central Railway
(SECR)
Estd:1 April 2003
2447
Bilaspur
Bilaspur, Raipur and Nagpur
15
South Western Railway
(SWR)
Estd:1 April 2003
3177
Hubballi
Hubballi, Bengaluru, Mysuru, Gulbarga
16
West Central Railway
(WCR)
Estd:1 April 2003
2965
Jabalpur
Jabalpur, Bhopal, Kota
EXAMINATION POINT OF VIEW IN INDIAN RAILWAYS
Speedest Train in India
Gatimaan Express is a semi high speed train that runs between New Delhi and Agra with the maximum speed of 160 km per hour.
First Passenger Train
16th April 1853 (between Bombay to Thane)
First Railway Bridge
Dapoorie Viaduct on the Mumbai-Thane route
First Rail Tunnel
Parsik Tunnel
First Ghats Covered by the Rail lines
Thal and Bhore Ghats
First Underground Railway
Calcutta METRO
First Computerized Reservation System started
New Delhi (1986)
First Electric Train
3rd Feb' 1925 (between Bombay VT
and Kurla)
Toilets on Trains were introduced
1891 (1st Class) & 1907 (lower classes)
Shortest Station
Ib (Orissa)
Longest Station
Sri Venkatanarasimharajuvariapeta
(Andhra Pradesh)
Busiest Railway Station
Lucknow (64 trains everyday)
Longest Run (Time)
Vivek Express (3715 km in Approx 71 hrs)
Shortest Run
Route between Nagpur to Ajni (3km)
Longest Run for Daily Train
Kerala Express (3054 km in 42.5 hrs)
Longest Non-Stop Run (Distance)
Trivandrum Rajdhani (528 km in 6.5 hrs)
Longest Railway Platform in the World
Kharagpur (2,733 ft in length)
Longest Railway Bridge
Nehru Setu on Sone River (10044ft in length)
Longest Tunnel
Karbude On Konkan Railway between Monkey hill & Khandala (6.5 km)
Oldest Preserved Locomotive
Fairy Queen (1855), still in working order
Indian Railway's Fastest Train
Bhopal-Shatabdi (runs at a speed up to 140 Km/ph)
Train with Maximum Number of Halts
Howrah-Amritsar Express (115 halts)
INDIAN RAILWAY ON NEWS (DINAMALAR DAILY)


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