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TNPSC Constitution of India: Fundamental Rights

THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS

To Enforce the Fundamental Rights, the Supreme Court is empowered under Article 32 to issue writs of various forms.
  • The Fundamental Rights in Constitution of India acts as a Guarantee that all Indian Citizens can and will live their Life in Peace as long as they live in Indian Democracy
  • They include Individual Right Common to most liberal democracies, such as equality before the law, Freedom of Speech and Expression, Freedom of Association and peaceful assembly, Freedom of religion, and the right to constitutional remedies for the protection of civil right.
  • Originally, the right to property was also included in the Fundamental Rights, however, the Forty-Fourth Amendment, passed in 1978, revised the status of property rights by stating that 'No person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law.'
RIGHT TO EQUALITY

Article 14: Equality before law and equal protection of law
Article 15: Prohibition of discrimination on grounds only of 
                   religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
Article 16: Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
Article 17: End of  Un-touchability
Article 18: Abolition of Titles, Military and Academic Distinctions are, however, exempted

RIGHT TO FREEDOM

Article 19: It guarantees the citizens of India the following six fundamentals freedoms:
  1. Freedom of Speech and Expression
  2. Freedom of Assembly
  3. Freedom of form Associations
  4. Freedom of Movement
  5. Freedom of Residence and Settlement
  6. Freedom of Profession, Occupation, Trade and Bussiness
Article 20: Protection in respect of conviction for offences
Article 21: Protection of life and personal liberty
Article 22: Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases

RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION

Article 23: Traffic in human beings prohibited
Article 24: No child below the age of 14 can be employed

RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION

Article 25: Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion
Article 26: Freedom to manage religious affairs
Article 27: Prohibits taxes on religious grounds
Article 28: Freedom as to attendance at religious ceremonies in certain educational institutions


CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS

Article 29: Protection of Interests of Minorities
Article 30: Right of Minorities to establish and Administer Educational Institutions
Article 31: Omitted by the 44th Amendment Act

RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES


Article 32:
  1. The right to move the Supreme Court in case of their violation (Called Soul and heart of          the Constitution by BR Ambedkar)
  2. Forms of Writ Check 
  3. Habeas Corpus : Equality before law and equal protection of law

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